With the progression and advancement of computers, cyber-attacks have emerged. It is an unseen threat that, if left undetected, can bring about the collapse of not only individuals but also banks, businesses, and even governments.
The increase in cyber-attacks and the sophisticated methods cybercriminals use to target unsuspecting individuals means the need for better, more reliable cyber security is evident.
The following blog highlights the various cyber-attack types computer users should know and the best practices to protect themselves from further attacks.
Cyber Attack Types And Threats
Cybercriminals use various cyber-attacks to access unsuspecting individuals’ personally identifiable information (PII), such as bank details, social security numbers, etc. They then sell this information to underground digital criminals, who use it to access clients’ bank and other accounts.
According to data analysts, the approximate cost of data breaches in 2020 cost $3,86 million globally and $8,60 million in the United States.
Here is a brief list of the various types of cyber-attacks you should look out for;
With network attacks, cybercriminals look for weaknesses in a user’s computer network, like firewalls, servers, WiFi routers, webcams, etc. The criminals use to gain access to the user’s computer system to steal, modify or remove access to the person’s data.
Small to medium businesses and individuals with personal computers are most often the targets of network attacks. This is because their security systems are easier to compromise, and they need to invest in computer security systems that are more effective.
Common network threats include:
- Denial of service (DoS)
- Ping attacks
- Smurf attacks
- Distributed Denial of service attacks (DDoS)
Several homes go the automated route, where homeowners connect all appliances, digital devices, etc., via WiFi through a single network. IoT (Internet of Things) facilitates communication between devices the cloud and between devices.
The increase in IoT has increased wireless attacks. Cybercriminals, or hackers as they are commonly called, compromise a business’s or home’s WiFi system and corresponding devices to gain access to valuable personal information.
Common types of wireless attacks include:
- WPS and WEP/WPA attacks
- WPA2 attacks
- Replay attacks (wireless)
- Vulnerable Bluetooth devices
Malware And Ransom Attacks
Malware or malicious software refers to any software that computer programmers write with the intent of causing harm to the individual, devices, and data.
Computers and other digital devices infected with malware run slower, randomly reboot, start unknown processes and send emails without user action.
Computer users should look out for the following malware attacks:
- Bots or Botnets
Tips To Prevent Cyber Attacks And Threats
In today’s digital age, cyber threats and attacks are a constant concern for individuals and businesses. If you’ve experienced a cyber-attack or threat, you would know the devastating consequences thereof. There is long-term physical and psychological damage to the individual.
Here are a few hints to protect yourself and your computer from future cyber-attacks:
- Use a firewall from a reliable and well-known company
- Update all software regularly, and remember to turn on Automatic updates on all digital devices
- Use reliable antivirus programs
- Ensure your passwords are protected, and choose strong passwords that include numbers, symbols, etc.
- Avoid opening suspicious attachments and clicking on unusual links
- Avoid using USBs from unknown people.
- Avoid pirating sites for downloading movies, music, books, etc.
With the increasing complexity of cyber-attacks, taking proactive steps to protect against them is essential. By implementing the solutions discussed in this article, individuals and organizations can reduce the risk of a successful cyber-attack and protect themselves against the potentially devastating consequences that can result.
Individuals must remember to stay vigilant and cautious when online and don’t hesitate to seek help from a cyber-security professional if they suspect they are a cyber-attack victim.